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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-14

Knowledge on sports nutrition among student-athletes in Perlis


1 Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Arau, Perlis, Malaysia
2 Defence Fitness Academy, National Defence University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3 Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Arau, Perlis, Malaysia, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Harris Kamal Kamaruddin
Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Arau, Perlis
Malaysia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mohe.mohe_1_21

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Introduction: Sports nutrition is essential to improve exercise performance and maintain healthy body composition. However, the knowledge of balanced nutrition often being neglected by student-athletes and coaches. Aims: This study aimed to investigate sports nutrition knowledge across gender and level of participation. Materials and Methods: The participants were 178 university student-athletes (96 males and 82 females) actively competing in various individual and team sports. The student-athletes completed a sports nutrition knowledge survey to determine the adequate score (mean >75%). Results: The overall sports nutrition knowledge was inadequate (61.6% ± 13.1%), specifically only 29 student-athletes who obtained >75% or higher. Male student-athletes score slightly higher than females (62.4% vs 61.6% score), respectively. However, there is no significant difference between gender and level of participation (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference between the level of participation (P > 0.05). Conclusions: There was inadequate sports nutritional knowledge among student-athletes regardless of gender and level of participation. The intervention to enhance sports nutritional knowledge and a balanced diet is important for health and optimal athletic performance. Future studies are needed to examine athletes' behaviour and nutritional intake before training or competition.


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