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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51-59

Comparison between Twelve and Six Sets of High Load Leg Extension on Muscle Strength

1 Graduate School of Education, Hokkaido University, Kita-11 Nishi-7 Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 060-0811, Japan
2 Research Division of Lifelong Learning, Institute for the Advancement of Higher Education, Hokkaido University, Kita-17 Nishi-13 Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 060-0817, Japan
3 Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University, Kita-11 Nishi-7 Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 060-0811, Japan

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Numerous studies can be found in the body of literature on muscle strength after eccentric exercise. However, muscle strength after weight resistance exercise, including the concentric and eccentric phases usually performed in resistance training, has not been fully investigated. This study aims to compare the effects of mid- and high-volume weight resistance exercise on muscle strength. Sixteen subjects were divided into a high-volume group with participants who performed 12 sets (12SET, n=8), and a mid-volume group with participants who performed 6 sets (6SET, n=8). The participants performed leg extensions on the first day. The exercise load was 4~6 RM. The rest between sets was three minutes. Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), isokinetic strength (30°/ sec.: ISOK30, 60°/ sec.: ISOK60, 150°/ sec.: ISOK150, 240°/ sec.: ISOK240), muscle soreness, and thigh circumference were measured before (PRE), after (POST) exercise, as well as one day, two days, three days, five days, and seven days after exercise. The only significant effect was time in all measurements. Although MVC decreased at POST, it recovered to the level of PRE one day after exercise. ISOK150 and ISOK240 showed similar results to MVC. ISOK30 showed a lower value one day after exercise. ISOK60 did not change throughout the experiment. Muscle soreness was higher at POST, one day and two days after exercise. Peak muscle soreness was higher for 12SET than for 6SET. Thigh circumference was higher at POST and one day after exercise. These results indicated that muscle damage was lower than previously reported after eccentric exercise. In addition, there was no difference between 12 sets and 6 sets of weight resistance exercise, except for peak muscle soreness. Our results suggest that muscle strength after leg extension recovers by two days, irrespective of whether 12 sets or 6 sets of high load leg extension are performed.

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